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Crested Francolin  (bird) Kgwale, Lehwêrêhwêrê, Lesogo (Francolinus sephaena)
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The data for the common bird* and tree** names in Northern Sotho were kindly provided by Prof. L.J. Louwrens.
The reference numbers between square brackets at bird names are known as Roberts numbers; the reference numbers at tree names are taken from the national tree list of South Africa.
Scientific botanical names are shown in italics.
* Louwrens, L.J. 2004. On the generic nature of common Northern Sotho bird names: a probe into the cognitive systematization of indigenous knowledge. South African Journal of African Languages 24(2): 95–117.
** Louwrens, L.J. 2001. Reduplication in Northern Sotho plant names and the cognitive salience of life forms. South African Journal of Ethnology 24(4): 147–160.